Arthur died at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital on Monday morning at 12:26.
He had been ailing and was admitted to the facility’s Intensive Care Unit last week with heart complications.
In announcing the death, the Government of Barbados extended sincerest condolences to his widow, Julie; his daughters, Leah and Sabrina; and his extended family.
Arthur was Barbados’ fifth Head of Government and the longest serving Prime Minister, working in that capacity from 1994 to 2008. He also served as Opposition Leader from 2010 to 2013.
However his entry into politics at the national level dated back to 1983 when he was appointed as a senator. A year later, Arthur was elected to the House of Assembly.
He led the country for an unprecedented three consecutive terms from 1994 to 2008, having served as Member of Parliament for the constituency of St Peter from 1984 to 2013.
In 2013, Arthur announced that election would be his last after the Barbados Labour Party was defeated.
Since retiring from political office, Arthur was conferred with the title of Professor of Practice: Economics of Development by the University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus in November 2018 and in January 2020, was appointed chairman of the Board of LIAT the Caribbean Airline.
He remained in politics until his resignation as a Member of the Barbados Labour Party and an MP for Saint Peter on March 6, 2018.
Arthur was replaced as MP by Colin Jordan, who has now been appointed to coordinate the funeral of the former Prime Minister.