Dominica is steadily progressing towards integrating and mainstreaming climate resilience into national planning and development.
This is according to data presented by Nadette Langford Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist of the Disaster Vulnerability Reduction Project (DVRP).
Langford made the presentation during the start of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Validation Consultation at the Fort Young hotel on Monday May 29 2017.
“For the past three years the Project Coordination Unit the PCU of the DVRP have been monitoring, evaluating and reporting on Dominica’s progress under the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). This process includes an integration of key sectors of which there are fourteen linked key implementing units and or departments in the public service,” she stated.
The basis for the PPCR investment is guided by the growth and social projection strategy, the low carbon climate resilience strategy and its companion the Dominica strategic program for climate resilience which set the policy direction for mainstreaming climate resilience into national planning.
Under the PPCR there are five core indicators which have been established.
They are: Core Indicator 1, which measures a degree of integration of climate change into national planning; Core Indicator 2, evidence of strengthened government capacity and coordination mechanism to mainstream climate resilience; Core Indicator 3, quality of and extent to which climate responding instruments or investments models are developed and tested; Core Indicator 4 the extent to which vulnerable households, communities, businesses and public sector services use improved supported PPCR tools, instruments, strategies, activities to respond to climate variability and climate change and Core Indicator 5 the number of people supported by the PPCR to cope with the effects of climate change.
Core indicators 1 and 2 are defined as qualitative indicators while core indicators 2, 4 and 5 are quantitative indicators.
She explained that to measure the progress on indicators 1, 2 and 3 criteria for scoring was developed which quantifies progress made and also allows for validation of the process.
The PPCR supported sectors being monitored are planning, water, forestry, agriculture, fisheries and coastal zones, disaster preparedness, works (roads), lands, hydrometeorology, environment, public health, tourism, energy and gender.
These Langford said are being monitored under the Core Indicators 1 and 2 while Core Indicator 3 monitors and reports on the PPCR investment which is the DVRP. PPCR Core Indicator 4 captures data on the impact of the PPCR supporting investments and Core Indicator 5 measures the number of people that are better able to cope with climate change.
Under Core Indicator 1, Dominica recorded an overall progress of 31% for the period 2014 to 2016. In year one (2014) there was 27% progress, 37% progress in year two and 39% progress in year three.
For Core indicator 2 the overall progress for the period 2014 to 2016 is 37%. Progress recorded for year one was 29%, 35% for year two and 39% progress for year three.
The overall effectiveness of the coordination mechanism which is the Environmental Coordinating Unit as mandated by Cabinet, for the past three years is 49%.
With regards to the PCU which is measured by its effectiveness and efficiency to stakeholders, year one recorded 48% and 50% for year two and three respectively.
“The non-progress between year two and three is as a result of the lack of access to information on the coordination mechanism,” Langford said.
Progress made under the DVRP for Core indicator 3 shows an overall completion rate of 54% for the past three years. Annual progress for year one was 29%, year two 32% and year three 40%.
“This reflects consistent progress on implementation on the investment model from 2014 to 2016. Based on the results framework for the DVRP year one and two was primarily focused on preparatory and procurement procedures having established the unit in September 2014,” Langford stated.
She said if the data presented was analyzes, overall the country has been showing steady progress over the past three years in integrating and mainstreaming climate resilience into national planning and development.
Langford said that in terms of the way forward, some key areas which need to be addresses have been identified.
One of which is the development and adoption of sector plans embedding climate resilience strategies based on the data collection process.
“Over the last three years we have observed that most of the line ministries or the sectors are not guided by an adopting plan, strategic plan,” she said.
Secondly, capacity building in resilience planning to include climate risk screening, she said, “We note that most times that interventions that are identified there’s no climate risk screening involved in the process or resilience taken into the investment.”
She said in terms of Core Indicator 2 a way forward would be capacity building in monitoring and evaluation for key partners in terms of collecting the data, using the right instruments to collect the data and to adopt an evidence based approach to monitoring resilience within the sectors.
Lastly, she said identify and implement sector incentives and or legislative policies in the context of climate resilience.
“Basically a few years ago I think government approved to add some tariff or zero tariff on the LED bulbs and so forth, so when we speak about incentives at the legislative level that’s what we’re indicating, more policies such as these,” Langford said.