Harare, Zimbabwe (AFP) — Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa, a former ally of Robert Mugabe, narrowly won the country’s landmark election, results showed early Friday, in an outcome set to fuel fraud allegations as security forces patrolled the streets to prevent protests.
Mnangagwa won 50.8 per cent of the vote, ahead of Nelson Chamisa of the opposition MDC party on 44.3 per cent, the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC) said.
“Mnangagwa, Emmerson Dambudzo, of ZANU-PF party is therefore duly declared elected president of the Republic of Zimbabwe,” announced ZEC chair Priscilla Chigumba.
Mnangagwa won by the smallest of margins, after needing more than 50 per cent of the vote to secure victory without a second-round run-off.
He quickly took to Twitter to say he was “humbled” to have won the election, hailing it as a “new beginning” for the country.
Zimbabwe was braced for public reaction to the election results — the first since last year’s ousting of Mugabe — after a deadly crackdown on protesters.
Six people were killed on Wednesday when troops fired live rounds against MDC demonstrators alleging the vote had been rigged.
Soldiers and police cleared central Harare ahead of the results, shouting at pedestrians and traders to leave the area, as the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) repeatedly alleged that ZANU-PF was stealing the election.
Moments before the official announcement, MDC spokesman Morgan Komichi denounced the vote count as “fake” as he took to the stage at the ZEC results centre before being removed by police.
After Mnangagwa was declared the winner, Komichi told AFP that his party rejected the outcome. “We will take this to the courts,” he said.
Police and army were on the streets of Harare overnight, but there were no reported protests and few public celebrations when the results were announced after midnight.
Turnout was high at over 80 per cent in most of the country’s 10 provinces.
“What they have been trying to do of late is to play around,” Chamisa told reporters hours before the final results.
“That is rigging, that is manipulation, trying to bastardise the result, and that we will not allow.”
On Thursday, the army had guarded ZANU-PF headquarters, while armoured personnel carriers, water cannon trucks and police anti-riot vans took position outside MDC headquarters.
Monday’s vote was meant to turn the page on years of brutal repression under Mugabe, end Zimbabwe’s international isolation and attract foreign investment to revive the shattered economy.
Mnangagwa had promised a free and fair vote after the military ushered him to power when Mugabe was forced to resign in November.
In the parliamentary election, also held on Monday, ZANU-PF won easily.
Before the violence, European Union observers declared they found an “un-level playing field and lack of trust” in the election process.
Election observers from the Commonwealth issued a statement after Wednesday’s clashes to “denounce the excessive use of force against unarmed civilians”.
“It means our suffering will continue,” Emion Chitsate, a security guard at shopping centre in the Waterfalls district of Harare, said of the result.
“It’s the same ZANU-PF which brought us to where we are.”